The Incredibly Bad Science Behind Dr. Esselstyn’s Plant-based Diet

txorito pamplona
Txorizo Pamplona. This delightful sausage of Navarra in the basque region of Spain is right out in Esselsystn’s plant-based diets.

The skeptical cardiologist has heard a few cardiologist colleagues rave about the movie “Forks Over Knives” and promote the so-called “whole-foods, plant based diet.”

One of the two major physician figures in the movie is Dr. Caldwell Esselstyn, a former surgeon and now a vegan evangelist.

salad
You’ll be eating a lot of this on the Esselstyn diet but do not, under any circumstances add a salad dressing containing any oil of any kind to attempt to make it palatable or satiating.

Esselstyn, along with T. Colin Campbell (of the completely discredited “China Study” (see here for a summary of critical analyses of that data), Dean Ornish, and Nathan Pritikin, are the leading lights of a dying effort to indict any and all fat as promoting heart disease and all the chronic diseases of western civilization.

Esselstyn, in his book, “Preventing and Reversing Heart Disease” lists the following rules:

  • you may not eat anything with a mother or a face (no meat, poultry, or fish)
  • you cannot eat dairy products
  • you must not consume oil of any kind
  • generally you cannot eat nuts or avocados

What? No Fish or Olive Oil? You Cannot Be Serious!

oil
Whatever oil this might be (?sunflower) is right out even though it comes from a plant. According to Esselstyn, using his brilliant ‘logic and intuition” all fats, whether saturated or unsaturated are going to damage the lining of your arteries.

The best randomized controlled trials we have for diet to prevent coronary artery disease (CAD, the cause of heart attacks) have shown that supplementing diet with olive oil and nuts substantially lowers CAD.

Every observational study in nutrition has demonstrated that fish consumption is associated with lower cardiovascular disease.

Esselsstyn’s Really Bad Science

While working at the Cleveland Clinic, Esselstyn developed an interest in using a plant-based diet to treat patients with advanced CAD. He says he had an epiphany one rainy, depressing day when he was served a slab of bloody roast beef.

In his own words:

“my original intent was to have one group of patients eating a very-low fat diet and another receiving standard cardiac care and then compare how the two groups had fared after three years.”

If he had followed his original intent, and randomized patients entering the study, he could claim that he had performed a legitimate, important scientific study. Twelve of the 24 would be allocated by lottery to the Esselstyn diet and 12 to whatever was the standard recommended CAD diet at the time. Unfortunately this approach, due to a “lack of funding, was not practical.”

So instead, 24 patients were sent to him, “all suffering from advanced CAD” and began the horrifically strict dietary program he had developed based on his “logic and intuition.”

Interestingly, patients not only were put on Esselstyn’s incredibly low fat diet, but they were also given cholesterol lowering medications and were “switched to statin as soon as these became available in 1987.”

In addition, 9 of the 18 patients who stuck with the program had previously undergone coronary bypass surgery and two had undergone angioplasty of a coronary artery.

6 of the 24 original patients “could not comply with the program” and were sent back to their regular cardiologists. This gives you an idea of how difficult it was to follow this diet.

Esselsstyn’s “data” then consists of following 18 patients, 9 of whom had already undergone coronary bypass surgery, all of whom were taking statin drugs with his diet without any comparison group.

This group of 18 did well from a heart standpoint, of course. It is impossible to know if the diet had anything to with their outcome.  Most of them had already undergone the “knife” or had had angioplasties that took care of their most worrisome coronary blockages. They were all taking statin drugs . They were all nonsmokers and they were all highly motivated to take good care of themselves in all lifestyle choices.

Any patients who were not intensely motivated to radically change their diet would have avoided this crazy “study” like the plague.

This “study” is merely a collection of 18 anecdotes, none of which would be worthy of publication in any current legitimate medical journal.

Three of the 18 patients have died, one from pulmonary fibrosis, one presumably from a GI bleed, and one from depression. Could these deaths be related to the diet in some way? We can’t know because there is no comparison group.

Should Anyone Eat Ultra-low Fat Diets?

It is possible that the type of vegan/ultra-low fat diets espoused by Esselstyn and his ilk have some beneficial effects on preventing CAD, but there is nothing in the scientific literature which proves it.

Scientific reviews of the effect of diet on CAD in the last 5 years have concluded that the evidence is best for the Mediterranean diet, which emphasizes fish consumption, olive oil and nuts. These reviews dismiss ultra-low fat diets because of a lack of evidence supporting them, and an inability to get people to follow them.

If you have ethical or philosophic reasons for only eating things with no mother or face, then by all means follow your conscience.

Too often, however, I find that those who choose veganism for philosophic reasons want to find health reasons to support their diet and mix the bad science and philosophy into a bland evangelical stew they recommend for all.

I remain, therefore, in favor of cioppino, paella, butter and all the glories of the omnivore that make life so rich.

Omnivorously yours,

-ACP

I have updated this post with comments from readers and my response along with analysis of the latest “data” from Dr. Esseslstyn’s “study” at my post entitle

more-incredibly-bad-science-from-dr-esselstyns-plant-based-vegan-diet-study

For an amazingly complete (and surprisingly entertaining) dissection of the scientific inaccuracies of “Forks Over Knives” with humorous overtones, I recommend Denise Minger’s post “Forks Over Knives: Is the Science Legit? (A Review and Critique). Be prepared for lots of graphs!

41 thoughts on “The Incredibly Bad Science Behind Dr. Esselstyn’s Plant-based Diet”

  1. Your dead wrong Doctor. Dr. Esselstyn’s diet saved my life.
    See: Search Results
    [PDF]A way to reverse CAD? – Dr. Esselstyn
    dresselstyn.com/JFP_06307_Article1.pdf
    THE JOURNAL OF FAMILY PRACTICE | JULY 2014 | VOL 63, NO 7. Caldwell B. Esselstyn Jr,. MD; Gina Gendy, MD;. Jonathan Doyle, MCS;. Mladen Golubic .

  2. Numerous PET scans in his book show plaque regression. You fail to mention Dr. Vogel’s demonstrations of endothelial tumult upon ingestion of fat. All those that stuck with his diet lived. Agenda, much?

    1. I wrote about PET scans in response to a similar query posted on my “It’s time to end the war on fat” post as follows “A PET scan is a type of nuclear imaging perfusion scan (under the general category of myocardial perfusion imaging or MPI). As such it is not directly looking at plaque but at coronary flow heterogeneity. Areas supplied by significantly narrowed coronary arteries (usually due to plaque) receive less of the radiotracer than area of muscle supplied by non-critically narrowed arteries. An improvement in a PET scan does not prove regression or elimination of plaque. I have dozens of patients who had critically narrowed coronry arteries with abnormal baseline MPI scans who improved to normal MPI scans over time. The most likely mechanism is recruitment of new arteries supplying blood to the heart muscle (collaterals).
      So , showing a PET scan or two on patients that improved proves nothing about the value of his diet. Also, many of his patients were on statins.”
      I pulled up the PDF referenced by Jack Runte in the previous comment and Dr. Esselstyn mentions a PET scan showing improvement after 21 days on the diet. Why on earth would you expose your patient to all the radiation from a nuclear PET scan after 21 days? No credible researcher would do this. It simply proves nothing, especially when the “study” is not randomized and the researcher running the study has a strong bias to find good results. The idea that plaque would regress this much in 21 days is absurd and this kind of anecdotal stretching to show improvement further weakens Esselstyn’s arguments.
      And even if patients were doing better on Esselstyn’s program, we don’t know what aspect was working. it is much more likely the statin drugs were the key to doing better.
      I think the experiment you refer to is after a Big mac equivalent and it is interesting but proves nothing about the long term effects of diet on atherosclerosis.
      Finally, you imply I have an agenda. My agenda is the truth. I’m not supported by any industry, company, food special interest group or philosophy other than utilizing science to find what is true about diet and cardiovascular disease.

    2. Have you actually read Dr. Vogel’s study??

      http://sci-hub.bz/10.1016/S0002-9149(96)00760-6
      Effect of a Single High-Fat Meal on Endothelial Function in Healthy Subjects

      “Following this, subjects ate either a high or low-fat meal in varied order at least 1 week apart. The high-fat meal (900 calories, 50 g of fat, 14 g of saturated fat, and 255 mg of cholesterol) consisted of an Egg McMuffin, Sausage McMuffin, 2 hash brown patties, and a non-caffeinated beverage (McDonald’s Corporation). The isocaloric low-fat meal (0 g of fat, 13 mg of cholesterol) consisted of Frosted Flakes (Kellogg Company, Battle Creek, Michigan), skimmed milk, and orange juice. Lipoprotein and glucose determinations were repeated 2 and 4 hours after eating.”

      These meals are GARBAGE!!

      I don’t eat like this – I took an EndoPat test and my score was 3.56.

      http://www.itamar-medical.com/endopat-faq/

      “There are three basic categories for EndoScores:
      Red Zone: Score of 1.68 and lower. You do not have proper endothelial function and this could be an important signal of an imminent cardiac problem. This EndoScore may indicate the presence of disease and that an immediate evaluation and intervention may be needed, whether it is aggressive medical therapy or a medical procedure. It’s imperative that endothelial health be restored.
      Yellow Zone: Score between 1.69 and 2. Your endothelium is healthy and while you don’t have any additional risk, you are still not in the well-protected Green Zone. It’s vitally important that you now take charge of your own health and do everything you can to improve your EndoScore. Good health depends of certain lifestyle choice you make that include what you eat, how active you are, whether or not you smoke, the precautions you take to avoid injuries and accidents, and how you deal with tension and anxiety. The choice is yours. Choose health!
      Green Zone. Score between 2.1 and 3. Your endothelium is functioning optimally, and you have maximum protection. Keep up whatever it is that you are doing, because the foods that you have been eating and the physical activity you have been performing regularly have affected a number of risk factors implicated in vascular health and longevity, particularly blood cholesterol levels, hypertension, and obesity.”

      Just to be clear – I’n NOT a vegan/vegetarian. I eat full fat raw goat milk, full fat goat milk kefir, nuts, seeds, rice, legumes, fatty fish, fruits, veggies, etc.

  3. I appreciate your comment. But if statins alone could even only improve blood flow, surely wouldnt we be hearing more about this, since any positive statin news is typically highly touted everywhere? Re Vogel’s ‘ Big Mac test…if he produved endothelial dysfunction or inflammation with sat fat, even only for a few hours, repeatably, is it such a stretch to deduce likely long term damage from cascades of daily fat consumption? (Btw I’m not a vegetarian, though I’ve been leaning more toward Fuhrmans veggie n fruit recommendations, minimizing salt and tramsfat)

    1. Before I forget, let me say I am in total agreement with you about Bleak House. Love it. I have a “Nonesuch Dickens” volume of it that I treasure.
      About statins and endothelium, this 2007 review concluded “Statins have been shown to have pleiotropic effects apart from serum lipid-lowering effect in human. One of the major target organs for the effects of statins is the vascular endothelium, which plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis and angiogenesis. Recent numerous studies have shown that the statins’ cholesterol-independent vascular effects appear to involve directly restoring or improving endothelial function by increasing NO production, promoting re-endothelialization after arterial injury, and inhibiting inflammatory responses within the vessel wall that are thought to contribute to atherosclerosis. This review provides an update of the unique effects of statins on endothelial cells including endothelial progenitor cells as well as highlighting the therapeutic potential of statins beyond their established lipid-lowering effects.”(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16920035)
      How much of a stretch is it from an experiment in 10 volunteers which showed a drop in flow-mediate vasoactivity after 50 gram fat meal to a real effect on atherosclerosis of long term fat from real food? It is a HUGE step. let’s call it hypothesis-generating and let Jarndyce and Jarndyce settle it.

  4. If you cheat on the Esselstyn diet (may I assume the majority do cheat on their diet?) you end up on the Mediterranean. If you cheat on the Mediterranean you end up on … something not good.

    1. Funny that you bring up Dr. Esselstyn’s latest “study”. I happened to hear his presentation on this at the American College of Cardiology Meetings yesterday. This is his anecdotal report on 198 patients that have somehow gotten in touch with him over the last few decades. There is no science or objective data in this report. For example, the “paper” states “In the remaining 195 patients, angiogram results confirmed the diagnosis of CAD in 180 (92%).” We have no idea what the criteria for CAD is being used. There is no systematic follow up of imaging.
      The two figures that are in the 2014 paper (one patient’s angiograms and one patient’s nuclear studies) were trotted out at his ACC presentation.
      These prove nothing. The lack of blinding or randomization in his “study” discredits any findings.
      It was embarrassing to witness such poor science with a diet that has been discredited by recent studies.

      1. very interested, which recent studies discredit Esselstyn’s diet and what do you think of Grundy’s diet?

  5. Dr. Esselstyn’s very much promotes the intake of nuts and avocados…why lie? If your science is so great you don’t need to pad what you see as his down fall…the diet includes all nuts and avocados.

    1. On page 9 of my copy of Esselstyn’s 2007 book “Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease” he says
      “Here are the rules of my program in their simplest form:
       You may not eat anything with a mother or a face (no meat, poultry, or fish).
       You cannot eat dairy products.
       You must not consume oil of any kind—not a drop. (Yes, you devotees of the Mediterranean
      Diet, that includes olive oil, as I‘ll explain in Chapter 10.)
       Generally, you cannot eat nuts or avocados.”
      Later on in the book he says if you have heart disease no nuts but if you don’t have heart disease and your lipid levels are not elevated he will condone walnuts.
      “Those who have heart disease should avoid all nuts. Those without disease can consume
      walnuts in moderation because they can provide considerable omega-3 fatty acids, which are important for many essential bodily functions. But I am extremely wary of nuts. Although short-term studies funded by nut companies show that they may positively affect good and bad cholesterol, I know of no long-term studies indicating that they can arrest and reverse heart disease, and patients may easily overingest them, elevating their cholesterol levels.”

    2. I have read Dr Esselstyn’s book several times, and he bans nuts and avocados when on the heart disease reversal diet. I believe he and Drs Ornish, McDougall and Greger have the best method of preventing, or reversing, heart disease.

  6. Thank you for giving us good balanced information in your blog. It is incredibly interesting and, as someone whose doctor is adamant that I get on statins right away, i now need to educate myself. I look for expert opinions based on good science, without an agenda – or supported by drug companies or selling supplements or some other quick fast way to cure CAD. I am wading through past and current research and finding a ton of controversy on the subject. Who to trust, who to believe, how to make the best decision for my personal health outcomes. I keep going back to the science, to primary sources of research and I am shocked at what I am finding. Ok, lest this turn into a rant, I’ll finish by again thanking you for a most interesting blog.

  7. I have seen “Forks over Knives” and have read “The China Study” and I contest that this diet works!!!! I am a cancer survivor and gave up all animal protein and diary. Best thing I ever did. As one who works in the poultry industry I KNOW what is going into these animals. These animals are fed so many pharmaceuticals it’s beyond belief. Even so called grass fed, free range organic meat is garbage today. Don’t eat it!!!

    I would bet the people here are paid by one of the animal protein suppliers, diary or the government. They are EASY to spot!

    Genesis 1:29

    Then God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface of all the earth, and every tree which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you

    1. Russ D Hadick wrote:

      “I would bet the people here are paid by one of the animal protein suppliers, diary or the government. They are EASY to spot!”

      “Then God said…”

      hahahaha – Your tinfoil hat is showing!

      1. Russ,
        I’m the only one here. There are no other people other than me.
        I receive nothing from “animal protein suppliers” (whoever they are) or the government.
        Some day I hope to publish my diary and then perhaps all the work on the blog will pay off.:)
        Dr. Pearson

  8. Dr. Pearson. I’ve just completed reading your critiques of the Esselstyn work, and my opinion is that you are being much too dismissive.

    The Journal of Family Practice published two critical letters, an author’s response, and an editorial commentary. I believe that these are considerably more helpful and balanced. The Journal is open source, and I’d urge interested readers to read, in addition, the original paper for themselves, along with the comments, authors’ response, and editorial.

    Esselstyn’s data present a high class problem. He has a sizable group of patients, with a sizable degree of pre-existing coronary pathology. Folowing the dietary intervention, this group of patients did impressively well, by any standard. True, some did receive other interventions, including statins, and it’s impossible to conclude for certain that it was the diet which was the critical factor. But the strong suggestion is that the diet, in addition to usual care, produced unexpectedly favorable outcomes.

    Yes, the follow up methodology would not meet the standards of the NEJM or of a high impact specialty journal, but they clearly merited publication, as defended by the Journal’s editor.

    The results of this single study should not, of course, be viewed in a vacuum. The paper also contains a table reviewing the published results of other similar dietary interventions. I think a fair conclusion is that, in select groups of highly compliant subjects with coronary artery disease, the preponderance of evidence indicates objective benefit, with no suggestion of untoward effects.

    Now, I of course found your website because of a personal issue. I’m a 70 year old physician (medical oncologist) who has been a lifelong masters endurance athlete, and I was training to qualify for the Boston Marathon. I’ve been highly compliant with a Mediterranean style diet since the 1990s, after following the Pritiken Diet in the 1980s. On the Pritiken diet, I ran TCs of 135 – 147 with TC/HDLs of about 5. On the Mediterranean diet, my TCs ran in the 170s, with TC/HDLs in the low 3s.

    Because of my age, and a very strong maternal family history of premature death from CVD, and my strenuous athletic training, I felt it prudent to get tested for CAC and to receive a CT coronary angio. To my utter shock, these revealed both calcification and LAD plaque.

    Now, I know that I will have no difficulty at all being compliant with the rigorous plant based diet proposed by Esselstyn, Campbell, Ornish, et al. I have my baseline radiographic and lipid studies. I know the results of usual therapy alone (statins, anti-platelets), and I don’t find these to provide dependably acceptable benefit — where acceptable is plaque regression and calcium stabilization at non-toxic doses of statins.

    I believe that the preponderance of evidence indicates that I may well benefit from the Esselstyn diet, and I see no downside whatsoever in giving it a try, along with low dose statin and anti-platelet therapy, monitoring my lipids and CRP and perhaps eventually repeating the CAC and CT angio at some point. I also see no compelling reason to wait another 20 years before the definitive prospective randomized trial is carried out and published.

    Would I advocate this diet for the entire population of the USA? Obviously not, given the lack of definitive population evidence. But I’m not a “population;” I’m a specific individual with a specific problem, and I find Esselstyn’s findings to be highly relevant to my situation, and I am more than willing to take the informed “risk” in following his recommendations.

    1. @Larry Weisenthal MD PhD

      I’m in a similar situation – 63 years old with CAC of 47 on the LAD.

      Question – what do you consider a non-toxic statin dose to be? I currently take 5 mgs of Crestor ED.

      I switched from 20 mgs of Atorvastation ED on advice of my cardiologist.

      LAst blood work (on Atorvastatin) was

      Triglycerides – 44 mg/dL
      HDL- 67 mg/dL
      LDL Calculated – 70 mg/dL

      Total Cholesterol/HDL ratio is: 2.18
      HDL/LDL ratio is: 0.957
      triglycerides/HDL ratio is: 0.672

      1. Dear Mr. Grashow, I’m an oncologist and not a cardiologist. Your question is better addressed to Dr. Pearson. I wasn’t intending that my comment be generalized to anyone else. I was simply trying to explain the way I viewed this situation from my own unique individual perspective.

        I am grateful that Dr. Pearson cleared my comment to appear on his blog, which I think is quite excellent in its scientific rigor.

        I do wish to make one final comment. My avocations (since I’m no darn good at golf) are endurance athletics and arguing stuff on the Internet. I’ve been doing this since the early 1990s, beginning with the CompuServe Cancer forum. At one time, a search for my name on Google groups yielded more than 50,000 unique hits (they’ve cleaned out their attic somewhat, but if you google my name “Weisenthal” or “weisenthal/huntington,” you’ll still get a lot of stuff.

        I’ve argued cancer; I’ve argued sports; I’ve argued religion; I’ve argued politics (mostly politics); and I’ve argued diet and nutrition. As a result of 25 years of fighting Internet flame wars, I can say with complete confidence that nothing but nothing evokes more in the way of hot emotionalism than diet. Diet is intensely personal. You can disparage politics, religion, sports teams and people don’t take it personally. When you disparage diet, it is akin to disparaging the person him or herself and the reaction is immediate, visceral, and intense.

        I’m an evangelist for politics, sports, fitness, religion; and cancer. But I don’t do diet and nutrition evangelism any more. The only reason that I posted what I did is that — last week — I got the shock of my lifetime and I’m still in the Kubler-Ross stage of bargaining with it. I’m enough of a scientist to quickly move beyond denial, when faced with irrefutable evidence.

        Anyway, I’ll stop here, and I again want to thank Dr. Pearson for his intellectual integrity in allowing my comments to appear on his blog.

      1. Dr. Pearson, I’ve now taken more time to more extensively review the content herein. I don’t see where you’ve ever discussed the implications of the North Karelia (Finland) experience, which is, in my opinion, the most relevant and compelling real world intervention effort ever carried out and published.

        True, it was a global lifestyle intervention (smoking cessation, exercise, etc.) but a very prominent component was a massive reduction in whole fat dairy intake (where whole fat dairy is as integral to the traditional Finnish diet — as an aside, I’m half Finnish and was raised on a robust whole fat dairy diet).

        I would suggest that it would, perhaps, be appropriate to consider the North Karelia experience in a future blog post, in the context of your overall recommendations relating to consumption of whole fat dairy.

      2. I am saddened by this. In reviewing this propaganda booklet I note that they quote Michael Pollan extensively. Michael Pollan is not even close to a vegetarian. In his book Cooked he celebrates roasting a pig and I think he would be appalled at this diet,
        Clearly, a vegan is in control of the Kaiser “Lifestyle Program”

      3. I have nothing against veganism or vegetarianism. If an individual wants to pursue that as a diet on moral, religious, or philosophical grounds I am fine with it. However, veganism too often ends up like a cult or a religion in that its proponents feel compelled to convert the uninitiated to their diet. To accomplish conversion, frequently science is distorted. I am saddened when vegans make unscientific claims to support their diet in order to gain more adherents.
        Also, organizations like CSPI which are vegan for philosophical reasons should be more transparent about their dietary recommendations.

  9. Thanks for posting this. Very helpful. When Dr. Greger mentioned him, it sounded credible – until I read your post. THANKS!!!

  10. “I have nothing against veganism or vegetarianism.”

    “Txorizo Pamplona. This delightful sausage of Navarra in the basque region of Spain is right out in Esselsystn’s plant-based diets.”

    “You’ll be eating a lot of this on the Esselstyn diet but do not, under any circumstances add a salad dressing containing any oil of any kind to attempt to make it palatable or satiating.”

    it seems apparent from the above comments that you DO indeed have much against veganism by suggesting that vegan food is unsatisfying and that only the flesh, milk and eggs of exploited farmed animals makes eating enjoyable.

    that said, the health benefits are secondary to the environmental and ethical aspects-and this is from a 50 year old who has been vegan for over a decade and has not been to a doctor in 15+ years yet have perfect scores on my free annual blood test at work. focusing only on the health aspect excludes the non-human victims entirely from the equation and equates eating someone’s body with consuming an apple or an orange. the tremendously negative environmental damage driven by raising and killing farmed animals is undeniable. according to the World Watch Institute:

    “The human appetite for animal flesh is a driving force behind virtually every major category of environmental damage now threatening the human future – deforestation, erosion, fresh water scarcity, air and water pollution, climate change, biodiversity loss, social injustice, the destabilization of communities and the spread of disease.”

    if you wish to see why veganism is a moral imperative and an issue of social justice, i would very high;y recommend checking out the 2005 documentary “Earthlings” on youtube.

    “A man can live and be healthy without killing animals for food; therefore, if he eats meat, he participates in taking animal life merely for the sake of his appetite. And to act so is immoral.” -Leo Tolstoy

    “The real struggle in being vegan doesn’t involve food. The hardest part about being vegan is coming face-to-face with the darker side of humanity and trying to remain hopeful. It’s trying to understand why otherwise good and caring people continue to participate in needless violence against animals – just for the sake of their own pleasure or convenience.” -Jo Tyler

    “Livestock farmers, no matter what kind — from the largest, most cynical, and inhumane factory farm­ers to the smallest, seemingly most ethical pasture-based farmers — traffic in death. It is death that is our aim, our purpose. Death is the end. Life is the means. Money the reward.”- Bob Comis, former pig farmer

    1. Indeed, I agree that there are compelling ethical and environmental reasons to promote more vegetable and less animal consumption. I respect those who follow plant-based diets for these reasons. Too often, however, there is an attempt to claim health benefits to support the moral reasons which are not based in science.

  11. A family friend subscribed to this diet following an emergency angioplasty with stent placements and statins. He has a terrible family history. After several years he had another angioplasty with a 95 percent occlusion. This diet did nothing for him. He looks like a corpse and had no life. This is quackery, and it frightens me that people believe this stuff.

    1. Then he didn’t actually follow and eat right.. I’ve been 5 years am highly active and look and feel great… also… the amount of occlusion often has little to do with a cardiac event… eliminating chronic low grade inflammation… type of cholesterol and endothelial function means much more i feel

  12. Interesting points on all sides. All I know is that a follow-up angiogram in December 2015 rendered the diagnosis from the cardiologist: “I am sorry, there is nothing we can do for you medically.”, which I took to be doctor-speak for “start making your arrangements”. We started the Esselstyn regimen on December 27, and I saw my husband come back to life – within days breathing better, within weeks climbing stairs and walking at a normal pace. His heart meds have been reduced 3 times in 18 months. He has also lost about 30 lb almost effortlessly. Blood tests show that he needs minimal supplements (B12, iron), so he is getting enough in what he eats.

    It may not be for everyone, but I do not think we were ever meant to eat the meat and dairy in the amounts and levels of processing that so many do today. I do not have heart disease, and follow it about 80%, and have found my overall feeling of well-being has improved, and I too have lost weight with little exercise and effort. Eating oil-free plant based whole foods over time cleanses the palate and all foods taste amazingly wonderful.

    I would say try it for six weeks and see how you feel, then adjust for your own personal tastes/needs/desires.

  13. I think the problem is simple. Highly processed foods cause highly problematic health conditions. I hate when I see anyone start blaming macronutrients for our health problems, that macronutrient shamming is the foundation for all fad diets. The problem is crap foods plus a hypercaloric intake. Expanding on heart disease specifically, it’s a very complex disease. So complex that diet isn’t the only factor. We’ve proven that something so little as not enough sleep can increase heart disease risk. Also, what about the lack of collagen in our diets? Collagen keeps the arteries nice and flexible. Without collagen the arteries start to harden. It’s definitely not the macronutrients. The French have some of the lowest heart disease rates and they eat high fat diets. Likewise the Okinawa eat a high carb diet and have low heart disese as well. JUST EAT REAL FOOD!!! And possibly take collagen, personally I take one scoop of collagen peptides and two scoops of bone broth protein powder a day.

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