A lot of what drives the skeptical cardiologist mad about office electronic health record (EHR) usage comes from CMS requirements for what they term “Meaningful Use” (MU) and what I consider “meaningless use.”
Physicians who don’t meet MU criteria will be penalized by reduced reimbursement.
The criteria for MU are arcane and confusing and very few busy clinicians have the time or interest to study them in detail.
I’ll cite two examples which represent only the tip of the MU iceberg: patient education and BMI counseling.
One of the 23 measures for Stage 2 MU according to CMS is designed to stimulate physicians to “Use certified EHR technology to identify patient-specific education resources and provide those resources to the patient if appropriate.”
The measure is reached if “More than 10 percent of all unique patients seen by the EP are provided patient- specific education resources.”
In order to satisfy this measure, my office staff have been instructed to print out allegedly educational information on one of the diagnoses the patient carries and hand the print out to every patient that is seen. The information comes from a patient education database that is connected to our EHR and I have not had the time or interest to review whether it is correct or helpful.
I get no sense that this is helping my patients in any way but I know that more trees are being uselessly sacrificed on a daily basis because of this MU requirement.
If one reads closely the CMS document on this measure, it says you only need to do this once per year, but in practice, it is easier to give every patient information at every visit rather than take the time to go back through the record and see if the patient was provided with “patient-specific education resources.”
The second example is that of BMI counseling. This measures requires:
“a follow-up plan is documented within the past six months or during the current reporting period.” for patients whose BMI falls outside what CMS considers normal:
Age65yearsandolderBMI≥23and<30 Age 18-64 years BMI ≥ 18.5 and < 25
I spend time talking with all my patients about the importance of regular aerobic exercise and a healthy diet and I provide them with my recommendations through this blog.
This MU measure doesn’t make it any more likely that I will be counseling my patients on diet and exercise but it means that somebody has to click on the sequence of items in the EHR which will put the statement “BMI counseling provided.”
With all the time, money, paper and energy that has been spent on meeting these MU criteria, I don’t think my patients have been helped and now according to a tweet from an official with CMS, meaningful use may be ending.
According to Medscape:
“In 2016, MU (meaningful use) as it has existed — with MACRA — will now be effectively over and replaced with something better,” tweeted Andy Slavitt, the administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS).
I’m happy these onerous requirements may be ending but fearful of what meaningless requirements may follow.
patient-specific resourcefully yours