As I have pointed out in a previous post, there is no reason to take multivitamins or any individual vitamin or supplement to prevent cardiovascular disease.
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has just updated its 2003 recommendation on vitamin supplementation to prevent cardiovascular disease and cancer and published this analysis in the April 15, 2014 Annals of Internal Medicine issue.
Their recommendations agree with mine and those of the American Heart Association, the American Cancer Society and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.
After analyzing all available studies they found insufficient evidence to support
- the use of multivitamins to prevent cardiovascular disease or cancer
- the use of single or paired nutrients (except β-carotene or vitamin E) for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer (including Vitamins A, C, D, E, folic acid, selenium and beta-carotene)
About half the country is taking these worthless vitamins, supplements and multivitamins and spending 28 billion dollars per year on them.
This money would be much better spent on gym memberships or on the purchase of real, unprocessed food which contains all the vitamins and nutrients you need.